A minimally invasive endovascular treatment called angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, is used to open up constricted or blocked arteries or veins, often as a means of treating arterial atherosclerosis.A treatment called angioplasty is used to widen or unblock the blood arteries that carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart. The coronary arteries are the name of these blood vessels. A tiny metal mesh tube called a coronary artery stent expands inside the coronary artery. A stent is frequently implanted during or right after an angioplasty.
A technique called angioplasty is used to clear clogged coronary arteries brought on by coronary artery disease. Without requiring open heart surgery, it restores the flow of blood to the heart muscle. In an emergency situation, like a heart attack, angioplasty can be performed. If your healthcare professional has a strong suspicion that you have heart problems, it can also be done as elective surgery. Another name for angioplasty is percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
A long, and very thin tube (also called a catheter) is inserted into a blood vessel and directed to the blocked coronary artery during angioplasty. At the end of the catheter, there is a very small-sized balloon. That balloon is inflated at the heart artery's constricted portion once the catheter has been inserted. By pressing the plaque or blood clot against the artery's walls, more space is created for blood flow.
During the procedure, the doctor employs fluoroscopy. An X-ray "movie"-like a special type of X-ray is called fluoroscopy. As a contrast dye travels through the arteries, it aids the physician in locating the blockages in the heart arteries. This whole procedure is known as coronary angiography.
Your doctor might determine that you require a different kind of procedure. This can entail performing an atherectomy at the location of the arterial constriction to remove the plaque. The medical professional doing the atherectomy may employ a rotating-tip catheter. The narrowed area of the artery is reached by the catheter, which breaks up or removes the plaque to widen the artery.
The heart requires a steady flow of blood, much like every other organ in the body. The coronary arteries provide the necessary oxygen.
These arteries may narrow and stiffen as people age (a condition known as atherosclerosis), which can result in coronary heart disease.
Angina, a type of chest pain caused by a restriction in the blood supply to the heart, is typically brought on by physical exertion or stress.
While medication is frequently useful in treating angina, in severe cases where medication is ineffective, a coronary angioplasty may be necessary to restore the blood supply to the heart.
Following a heart attack, coronary angioplasties are frequently utilized as an emergency treatment.
Your doctor will examine you physically and go over your medical history before the angioplasty is arranged. Before your procedure, you might need to have a few tests, such as a chest X-ray, an electrocardiogram, and blood work. In order to check whether the arteries leading to your heart are blocked and whether they can be opened up with angioplasty, your doctor will also do an imaging test known as coronary angiography.
If a blockage is discovered during your coronary angiography, your doctor can elect to conduct angioplasty and stenting while your heart is still catheterized right away.
Your doctor would give you instructions to help you prepare.
What you can expect
During the procedure
A cardiac catheterization laboratory is a dedicated operating room where angioplasties are carried out by a team of nurses and technicians with specialised cardiovascular training.
An artery in your groyne, arm, or wrist is used to do an angioplasty. There's no need for general anaesthesia. You'll be given a sedative to help you unwind, but depending on how well you sleep, you might be awake for the process.
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